Brandeis/Harvard Center on Managed Care and Drug Abuse Treatment

NIDA Center Papers/Publications   

2013

Horgan C, Garnick DW. State of the art of performance measures in behavioral health. Working paper.

Horgan CM. Incentives in substance abuse treatment. Working paper.

Tompkins CP, Horgan CM, Perloff J, Reif S, Johnson C, Hanchett D, et al. Massachussetts pay-for-performance simulation. Working paper.

Tompkins C, Perloff J, Reif S, Horgan CM, Siembab L. The feasibility of implementing performance incentives in a substance abuse treatment system. In review.

2012

Frank RG, Domino ME. Economic Factors in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Schizophrenia. In: Comprehensive Care of Schizophrenia: A Textbook of Clinical Management, 2nd edition. J Lieberman and R Murray (eds). Oxford University Press. pp. 393-406.

Fullerton CA, Epstein AM, Frank RG, Normand S-L T, Fu CX, and McGuire TG. Medication Use and Spending Trends Among Children with ADHD in Florida’s Medicaid Program, 1996-2005. Psychiatric Services, 63(2):115-121.

Hodgkin D, Merrick EL, Hiatt D. The relationship of antidepressant prescribing: concentration to treatment duration and cost. Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics. 2012;15(1):3-11. PMCID: PMC3398609

Hodgkin D, Volpe-Vartanian J, Merrick EL, Horgan CM, Nierenberg AA, Frank RG, et al. Customization in prescribing in bipolar disorder. Health Economics. 2012;21(6):653-68. PMCID: PMC6134906

McCann B HD, Azzone V, Merrick EL. EAP Purchasing Preferences. Journal of Employee Assistance. 2012;(3):18-20.

Merrick EL, Hodgkin D, Panas L, Soumerai SB, Ritter G. Is customization in antidepressant prescribing associated with acute-phase treatment adherence? Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research. 2012;3(1):11-6. PMCID: PMC3374329

Merrick EL, Reif S, Hiatt D, Horgan CM, McCann B. Substance abuse treatment client experience in an employed population: Results of a client survey. Substance Abuse Treatment Prevention Policy. 2012;7(1):4. PMCID: PMC3269994.

Reif S, Torres M, Horgan CM, Merrick EL. Characteristics of practitioners in a private managed behavioral health plan. BMC Health Services Research. 2012;12:283. PMCID: PMC3577445

Strickler G, Merrick EL, Horgan CM, Hiatt D. Preferences for substance abuse treatment in an employed population. Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health. 2012;27(2):117-125.

Strickler GK, Horgan CM, Reif S, Ritter G, Acevedo A. The relationship between substance abuse performance measures and mutual help group participation after treatment. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly. 2012;30(2):190-210.  PMCID: PMC3412672

2011

Azzone V, Frank RG, Normand SL, Burnam MA. Effect of insurance parity on substance abuse treatment. Psychiatr Serv. 2011;62(2):129-34. PMCID: PMC3250065

Daley M, Shepard DS, Tompkins C, Dunigan R, Reif S, Perloff J, et al. Randomized trial of enhanced profiling in substance abuse treatment. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2011;38(2); 96-104. PMCID: PMC3040276.

Garnick DW, Lee MT, Horgan CM, Acevedo A, Botticelli M, Clark S, et al. Lessons from five states:  Public sector use of Washington Circle performance measures. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 2011;40(3):241-54. PMCID: PMC:3085924.

Merrick EL, Hodgkin D, Garnick DW, Horgan CM, Panas L, Ryan M, et al. Older adults' inpatient and emergency department utilization for ambulatory-care-sensitive conditions: Relationship with alcohol consumption. Journal of Aging and Health. 2011;23(1):586-111. PMCID: PMC3021178.

Merrick EL, Hodgkin D, Hiatt D, Horgan CM, Greenfield SF, McCann B. Integrated employee assistance program/managed behavioral health plan utilization by persons with substance use disorders. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 2011;40(3):299-306. PMCID: PMC3056945.

Merrick EL, Hodgkin D, Hiatt D, Horgan CM, McCann B. EAP service use in a managed behavioral healthcare organization: From the employee perspective. Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health. 2011;26(2):85-96. PMCID: PMC3182492.

Reif S, Horgan CM, Garnick DW, McLellan DL. Systems-level smoking cessation activities by private health plans. Prev Chron Dis. 2011;8(1). PMCID: PMC3044025.

2010

Chatterji P, Meara E. Consequences of eliminating federal disability benefits for substance abusers. J Health Econ. 2010;29(2):226-40. PMCID: PMC2842468.

Daley M, Shepard D, Reif S, Dunigan R, Tompkins C, Perloff J, et al. Evaluation of provider profiling in public sector substance abuse treatment. Alc Treatment Q. 2010;28(4):376-90.

Hodgkin D, Merrick EL, Hiatt D, Horgan CM, McGuire TG. The effect of employee assistance plan benefits on the use of outpatient behavioral health care. J Ment Health Policy Econ. 2010;13(4):167-74. PMCID: PMC3081606.

McCann B, Azzone V, Merrick E, Hiatt D, Hodgkin D, Horgan CM. Employer choices in EAP design and worksite services. Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health 2010;25(2):89-106. PMCID: PMC3388531

Merrick EL, Hodgkin D, Hiatt D, Horgan CM, Azzone V, McCann B, et al. Patterns of service use in two types of managed behavioral health care plans. Psychiatr Serv. 2010;61(1):86-9. PMCID: PMC2801078.

Reif S, Horgan C, Torres M, Merrick E. Economic grand rounds: types of practitioners and outpatient visits in a private managed behavioral health plan. Psychiatr Serv. 2010;61(11):1066-8. PMCID: PMC3848051

Stevenson DG, Decker SL, Dwyer LL, Huskamp HA, Grabowski DC, Metzger ED, et al. Antipsychotic and benzodiazepine use among nursing home residents: Findings from the 2004 National Nursing Home Survey. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2010;18(12):1078-92. PMCID: PMC3009456.

2009

Azzone V, McCann B, Merrick EL, Hiatt D, Hodgkin D, Horgan CM. Workplace stress, organizational factors and EAP utilization. Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health. 2009;24(3):344-56. PMCID: PMC3778910

Danziger S, Frank RG, Meara E. Mental illness, work, and income support programs. Am J Psychiatry. 2009;166(4):398-404. PMCID: PMC2713574.

Garnick DW, Lee MT, Horgan CM, Acevedo A, Washington Circle Public Sector W. Adapting Washington Circle performance measures for public sector substance abuse treatment systems. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2009;36(3):265-77. PMCID: PMC2653590.

Hodgkin D, Horgan CM, Garnick DW, Merrick EL. Benefit limits for behavioral health care in private health plans. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2009;36(1):15-23. PMCID: PMC2644559.

Horgan CM, Garnick DW, Merrick EL, Hodgkin D. Changes in how health plans provide behavioral health services. J Behav Health Serv Res. 2009;36(1):11-24. PMCID: PMC2982768.

Meara E, Frank RG. The effect of maternal depression and substance abuse on child human capital development. 2009;NBER Working paper 15314.

Meara E, Frank RG. The effect of maternal depression and substance abuse on child human capital development. NBER Working paper 15314. 2009.

Merrick EL, Hodgkin D, Horgan CM, Hiatt D, McCann B, Azzone V, et al. Integrated employee assistance program/managed behavioral health care benefits: relationship with access and client characteristics. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2009;36(6):416-23. PMCID: PMC2794127.

Merrick EL, Horgan CM, Garnick DW, Reif S, Stewart MT. Accessing specialty behavioral health treatment in private health plans. J Behav Health Serv Res. 2009;36(4):420-35.

Garnick DW, Horgan CM, Reif S, Merrick EL, Hodgkin D. Management of behavioral health provider networks in private health plans. J Ambul Care Manage. 2008;31(4):330-41.

Horgan CM, Reif S, Hodgkin D, Garnick DW, Merrick EL. Availability of addiction medications in private health plans. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2008;34(2):147-56. PMCID: PMC2347353.

McCann B, Hiatt D, Merrick EL. Following the pathways to substance use treatment. Behavioral Healthcare. 2008;28(1):36-7.

Meara E, Greenfield SF. The relationship between substance use patterns and economic and health outcomes among low-income caregivers and children. Psychiatr Serv. 2008;59(9):974-81. PMCID: PMC2562316.

Merrick EL, Horgan CM, Garnick DW, Hodgkin D, Morley M. Health plans' disease management programs: extending across the medical and behavioral health spectrum? J Ambul Care Manage. 2008;31(4):342-53.

2007

 Frank RG, Garfield RL. Managed behavioral health care carve-outs: past performance and future prospects. Annu Rev Public Health. 2007;28:303-20.

Garnick DW, Horgan CM, Lee MT, Panas L, Ritter GA, Davis S, et al. Are Washington Circle performance measures associated with decreased criminal activity following treatment? J Subst Abuse Treat. 2007;33(4):341-52. PMCID: PMC2692984.

Garnick DW, Horgan CM, Merrick EL, Hoyt A. Identification and treatment of mental and substance use conditions: health plans strategies. Med Care. 2007;45(11):1060-7.

Hodgkin D, Horgan CM, Garnick DW, Levy Merrick E, Volpe-Vartanian J. Management of access to branded psychotropic medications in private health plans. Clin Ther. 2007;29(2):371-80.

Hodgkin D, Merrick EL, Horgan CM, Garnick DW, McLaughlin TJ. Does type of gatekeeping model affect access to outpatient specialty mental health  services? Health Services Research. 2007;42(1):104-23. PMCID: PMC1955246.

Hodgkin D, Volpe-Vartanian J, Alegria M. Discontinuation of antidepressant medication among Latinos in the USA. J Behav Health Serv Res. 2007;34(3):329-42. PMCID: PMC2669720.

Horgan CM, Garnick DW, Merrick EL, Hoyt A. Health plan requirements for mental health and substance use screening in primary care. J Gen Intern Med. 2007;22(7):930-6. PMCID: PMC2219728.

Horgan CM, Merrick EL, Reif S, Stewart M. Internet-based behavioral health services in health plans. Psychiatr Serv. 2007;58(3):307.

Merrick EL, Volpe-Vartanian J, Horgan CM, McCann B. Revisiting employee assistance programs and workplace substance abuse: key issues and a research agenda. Psychiatric Services. 2007;58(10):1262-4.

Merrick ES, Volpe-Vartanian J, Horgan CM, McCann B. Alcohol & drug abuse: Revisiting employee assistance programs and substance use problems in the workplace: key issues and a research agenda. Psychiatr Serv. 2007;58(10):1262-4.

2006

Brolin MF, Horgan CM, & Doonan M. (2006). Substance Abuse Treatment in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts: Gaps Consequences and Solutions, a Policy Brief for the Mass Health Policy Forum.

Garnick DW, Horgan CM, & Chalk M. (2006). Performance measures for alcohol and other drug services. Alcohol Res Health, 29(1), 19-26.

Meara, E. (2006). Welfare reform, employment, and drug and alcohol use among low-income women. Harv Rev Psychiatry, 14(4), 223-232.

Meara E, Frank RG. Welfare reform, work requirements and employment barriers. 2006;NBER Working paper 12480.

Meara E, Frank RG. Welfare reform, work requirements and employment barriers. NBER Working paper 12480. 2006.

Merrick EL, Horgan CM, Garnick DW, Hodgkin D. Managed care organizations' use of treatment management strategies for outpatient mental health care. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2006;33(1):104-14.

Shepard DS, Calabro JAB, Love CT, McKay JR, Tetrault J, Yeom HS. Counselor incentives to improve client retention in an outpatient substance abuse aftercare program. Administration and Policy in Mental Health. 2006;33(6):629-35.

2005

Horgan CM, & Garnick DW. (2005). The quality of care for adults with mental and addictive disorders: Issues in performance measurement.  Background paper commissioned by Institute of Medicine Committee - Crossing the Quality Chasm: Adaptation to Mental Health and Addictive Disorders.

Jonkman, J. N., McCarty, D., Harwood, H. J., Normand, S. L., & Caspi, Y. (2005). Practice variation and length of stay in alcohol and drug detoxification centers. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 28(1), 11-18.

Meara E, & Frank RG. (2005). Spending on substance abuse treatment: how much is enough? Addiction, 100(9), 1240-1248. PMCID: PMC1402649

Tompkins C, Merrick EL, Reif S, & Horgan CM. (2005). The behavioral health workforce: financing issues.  Report commissioned by the Annapolis Coalition on the Behavioral Health Workforce.

2004

Greenfield SF, Azzone V, Huskamp H, Cuffel B, Croghan T, Goldman W, et al. Treatment for substance use disorders in a privately insured population under managed care: costs and services use. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2004;27(4):265-75.

Horgan CM, Garnick DW. The quality of care for adults with mental and addictive disorders: Issues in performance measurement.  Background paper commissioned by Institute of Medicine Committee - Crossing the Quality Chasm: Adaptation to Mental Health and Addictive Disorders..

2003

Merrick EL, Horgan CM, Garnick DW, Hodgkin D, Keck K, Cenczyk RE. The EAP/behavioral health carve-out connection. Employee Assistance Quarterly. 2003;18(3):1-14.

Panas L, Caspi Y, Fournier E, McCarty D. Performance measures for outpatient substance abuse services: group versus individual counseling. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2003;25(4):271-8.

2002

Garnick DW, Hodgkin D, Horgan CM. Selecting data sources for substance abuse services research. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2002;22(1):11-22.

Garnick DW, Lee MT, Chalk M, Gastfriend D, Horgan CM, McCorry F, et al. Establishing the feasibility of performance measures for alcohol and other drugs. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2002;23(4):375-85.

Merrick EL, Garnick DW, Horgan CM, Hodgkin D. Quality measurement and accountability for substance abuse and mental health services in managed care organizations. Medical Care. 2002;40(12):1238-48.

2001

Caspi Y, Turner WM, Panas L, McCarty D, Gastfriend D. The severity index: An indicator of alcohol and drug dependence using administrative data. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly. 2001;19(4):49-64.

Horgan C, Merrick EL. Financing of substance abuse treatment services. In: Galanter M, editor. Recent Developments in Alcoholism. New York: Plenum Publishing; 2001.

 Merrick EL, Garnick DW, Horgan CM, Goldin D, Hodgkin D, Sciegaj M. Benefits in behavioral health carve-out plans of Fortune 500 firms. Psychiatr Serv. 2001;52(7):943-8.

Sciegaj M, Urato M, Horgan CM, Garnick DW, Merrick EL, Goldin D, et al. Employee assistance programs among Fortune 500 firms. Employee Assistance Quarterly. 2001;16(3):25-35.

2000

Hodgkin D, Horgan CM, Garnick DW, Merrick EL, Goldin D. Why carve out? Determinants of behavioral health contracting choice among large U.S. employers. J Behav Health Serv Res. 2000;27(2):178-93.

 Horgan CM, Garnick DW, Merrick EL, Hodgkin D, Sciegaj M, Goldin D. Structuring behavioral health care: carved-out or integrated? Compensation & Benefits Management. 2000;16(4):39-46.

Brandeis Health Plan Survey Publications

Hodgkin D, Horgan CM, Garnick DW, & Merrick EL. (2009). Benefit limits for behavioral health care in private health plans. Adm Policy Ment Health, 36(1), 15-23. PMCID: PMC2644559

Horgan CM, Garnick DW, Merrick EL, & Hodgkin D. (2009). Changes in how health plans provide behavioral health services. J Behav Health Serv Res, 36(1), 11-24. PMCID: PMC2653590

Merrick EL, Horgan CM, Garnick DW, Reif S, & Stewart MT. (2009). Accessing specialty behavioral health treatment in private health plans. J Behav Health Serv Res, 36(4), 420-435. PMC Journal - In Process.

Garnick DW, Horgan CM, Reif S, Merrick EL, & Hodgkin D. (2008). Management of behavioral health provider networks in private health plans. J Ambul Care Manage, 31(4), 330-341. PMC Journal - In Process  

Horgan CM, Reif S, Hodgkin D, Garnick DW, & Merrick EL. (2008). Availability of addiction medications in private health plans. J Subst Abuse Treat, 34(2), 147-156. PMCID: PMC2347353

Merrick EL, Horgan CM, Garnick DW, Hodgkin D, & Morley M. (2008). Health plans' disease management programs: extending across the medical and behavioral health spectrum? J Ambul Care Manage, 31(4), 342-353. PMC Journal- In Process

Garnick DW, Horgan CM, Merrick EL, & Hoyt A. (2007). Identification and treatment of mental and substance use conditions: health plans strategies. Med Care, 45(11), 1060-1067.

Hodgkin D, Horgan CM, Garnick DW, Merrick EL, & Volpe-Vartanian J. (2007). Management of access to branded psychotropic medications in private health plans. Clin Ther, 29(2), 371-380.

Horgan CM, Garnick DW, Merrick EL, & Hoyt A. (2007). Health plan requirements for mental health and substance use screening in primary care. J Gen Intern Med, 22(7), 930-936. PMCID: PMC2219728

Horgan CM, Merrick EL, Reif S, & Stewart M. (2007). Internet-based behavioral health services in health plans. Psychiatr Serv, 58(3), 307.

Merrick EL, Volpe-Vartanian J, Horgan CM, & McCann B. (2007). Alcohol & drug abuse: Revisiting employee assistance programs and substance use problems in the workplace: key issues and a research agenda. Psychiatr Serv, 58(10), 1262-1264.

Related behavioral health publications by NIDA Center researchers

Garnick DW, Lee MT, Horgan CM, Acevedo A, Botticelli M, Clark S, et al. (Forthcoming). Lessons from five states:  Public sector use of Washington Circle performance measures. J Subst Abuse Treat. PMC Journal - In Process.

Reif S, Horgan CM, Garnick DW, & McLellan DL. Systems-level smoking cessation activities by private health plans. Prev Chron Dis. 2011;8(1). http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2011/jan/09_0236.htm. PMC Journal - In Process.

Thomas CP, Garnick DW, Horgan CM, McCorry F, Gmyrek A, Chalk M, et al. Advancing performance measures for use of medications in substance abuse treatment. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2011;40:35-43. PMCID: Journal in Process.

Garner BR, Godley MD, Funk RR, Lee MT, & Garnick DW. (2010). The Washington Circle continuity of care performance measure: predictive validity with adolescents discharged from residential treatment. J Subst Abuse Treat, 38(1), 3-11. PMCID:PMC2789887

Hodgkin D. (2010). Guest editor's introduction: Mental health in a time of economic contraction. Int J Mental Health, 39, 2.

Hodgkin D, & Karpman H. (2010). Economic crises and public spending on mental health care. Int J Mental Health, 39, 91-106.

Merrick EL, & Reif S. (2010). Services in an era of managed care. In B. M. Levin BL (Ed.), A Public Health Perspective of Women's Mental Health (pp. 201-227). New York: Springer.

Horgan CM, Merrick EL, Stewart MT, Scholle SH., & Shih S. (2008). Improving medication management of depression in health plans. Psychiatr Serv, 59(1), 72-77.

Merrick EL, Hodgkin D, Horgan CM, Garnick DW, & McLaughlin TJ. (2008). Changing mental health gatekeeping: effects on performance indicators. J Behav Health Serv Res, 35(1), 3-19.

Merrick EL, Horgan CM, Hodgkin D, Garnick DW, Houghton,SF, Panas L, et al. (2008). Unhealthy drinking patterns in older adults: prevalence and associated characteristics. J Am Geriatr Soc, 56(2), 214-223. PMCID: PMC2585680 

Thomas CP, Reif S, Haq S, Wallack SS, Hoyt A, & Ritter GA. (2008). Use of buprenorphine for addiction treatment: perspectives of addiction specialists and general psychiatrists. Psychiatr Serv, 59(8), 909-916.

Hodgkin D, Volpe-Vartanian J, & Alegria M. (2007). Discontinuation of antidepressant medication among Latinos in the USA. J Behav Health Serv Res, 34(3), 329-342. PMCID: PMC2669720

Busch AB, Frank RG, Lehman AF, & Greenfield SF. (2006). Schizophrenia, co-occurring substance use disorders and quality of care: the differential effect of a managed behavioral health care carve-out. Adm Policy Ment Health, 33(3), 388-397. PMCID: PMC2084476

Merrick EL, Horgan CM, Garnick DW, & Hodgkin D. (2006). Managed care organizations' use of treatment management strategies for outpatient mental health care. Adm Policy Ment Health, 33(1), 104-114.

Chang G, & Wilcox M. (2005). Case study: a Medicaid health maintenance organization quality initiative for behavioral health. Am J Med Qual, 20(2), 98-103.

Garnick DW, Horgan CM, Hodgkin D, Merrick EL, Goldin D, Ritter G, et al. (2001). Risk transfer and accountability in managed care organizations' carve-out contracts. Psychiatr Serv, 52(11), 1502-1509.

Merrick EL. (1998). Treatment of major depression before and after implementation of a behavioral health carve-out plan. Psychiatr Serv, 49(12), 1563-1567.